Fuelling a future on Europe's waterways
喷潮白浆直流视频在线Norway, famous for its stunning fjords
喷潮白浆直流视频在线and pristine environment,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线a place where the future of energy
喷潮白浆直流视频在线is not in the future any more.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线Amid this tranquillity, a change is happening,
a change which may have an impact in countries
喷潮白浆直流视频在线far beyond Norway.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线Monday morning on the Mastrafjord ferry...
喷潮白浆直流视频在线..a busy commuter route that's part of daily life
喷潮白浆直流视频在线on the Stavanger Peninsula.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线Two-million people use it to cross the Boknafjord each year.
This route is very important.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线It's the second largest route in the country,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线so people need these boats to work.
The ferry makes 42 crossings daily.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线Today, sea fog is restricting visibility.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线Captain Vik?ren must draw on all his skill
to make the crossing safely.
When it's bad visibility,
the radar is the most important instrument.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线You are steering
and you also keep an eye on the course and the speed.
Because of the weather, there are a lot of challenges here.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线I'm just turning the boat now to get a better angle for the waves,
so it gets much calmer in the boat.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线Below deck, the Mastrafjord is no ordinary ferry.
It's technically innovative.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线Powered by liquefied natural gas or LNG,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线gas that has been cooled to -162 Celsius,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线shrinking it 600 times
and liquefying it for easy transportation and storage.
There were built five prototypes of this kind of ferry
and it's a new technology.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线It shows that the world is moving forward. It's a new step.
The ferry's powerful gas engines
喷潮白浆直流视频在线are some of the cleanest afloat.
Ship's mechanic, Ulrik Kjerpeset,
and chief engineer, Rolf Nilsen,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线keep them running smoothly.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线There you go.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线I started working here four years ago.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线I didn't know so much about LNG.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线I think it's very positive.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线You don't have to change the oil.
It's so clean. It never gets black.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线It looks beautiful.
Tonight, Rolf and Ulrik will oversee the refuelling
of the Mastrafjord.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线At a nearby storage plant,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线LNG, destined for the ferry,
is being collected for delivery by truck.
Boats can also be refuelled
from another ship at sea or from a station on land.
The Mastrafjord is on a tight schedule
喷潮白浆直流视频在线and delivering LNG by truck offers the most flexibility.
Gas car, are you ready?
Ulrik, are you ready?
喷潮白浆直流视频在线The refuelling is a safe operation.
Rolf and Ulrik ensure everything runs according to plan.
Now you can open 354 and 352.
Open 354 and 352.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线Tank car, you now are open for the nitrogen.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线as warm air contacts the freezing-cold pipes
that the LNG is pumped through.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线The refuelling process takes 90 minutes.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线Once complete, the Mastrafjord
has enough fuel to operate
for up to eight days.
Traditional shipping emissions
tend to have a high sulphur concentration.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线From 2015, the EU will enforce strict new emissions limits
on air quality.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线It's a change the Mastrafjord's owners, Fjord1,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线are ready for.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线We consider ourselves as a leader in the field of LNG.
We have put in an operation,
the world's first LNG ferry,
and today we have 12 such ferries running.
All in all, this is a step in the right direction
to find environmentally friendly transport solutions.
At the Shell Technology Centre in Amsterdam,
Tim Last tests and improves
喷潮白浆直流视频在线the raw natural gas that's refined
to make the LNG product.
Before we produce the LNG,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线we have to remove all those components
like hydrogen sulphide or CO2.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线In Amsterdam we are trying to improve current processes
喷潮白浆直流视频在线and to develop new processes for the future.
And part of my job is to help to improve the solvents we use
喷潮白浆直流视频在线for cleaning up natural gas
coming out of the ground.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线The solvents are necessary to make the process more efficient
喷潮白浆直流视频在线and to make the gas cleaner,
because otherwise, it's not possible to liquefy the natural gas.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线Tim and his team have been working for many years
to develop the refining process -
scientific research that's crucial to the success of LNG.
LNG as a transportation fuel
for the marine sector is going to be big.
So we look at inland waterways,
we look at the Baltics, some of the coastal areas in the US.
These are the early adopters of tighter emissions controls
but over time, this will spread to more and more ports and routes,
and LNG is really one of the best ways
to cope with those emissions constraints.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线The benefits of LNG
喷潮白浆直流视频在线are making waves across commercial shipping.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线In the small fishing port of ?krehamn,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线trawler men, J?rgen Runehall and Henrik Anderson,
are excited by what they've heard.
There are a lot of changes out there with fishing
and with sailing, we'll have to think more and more about the environment.
You see around here, the ferries are starting to use LNG,
the newest ones.
Not yet, we have the technology for the small ships, like we have,
but maybe bigger fishing ships do
and I think that's a step in the right direction.
Treat the North Sea nicely,
so we can live on this fishing for many years.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线LNG is not an immediate solution for J?rgen and Henrik
in their small fishing boats,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线but it is already a reality today
with lots more potential.
The future of LNG as a transportation fuel
is not restricted to marine.
It's going to be used in road transportation, mining and in rail,
anywhere where fuel consumption is high
喷潮白浆直流视频在线and they're looking for emissions control.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线In order to be the world's most competitive
喷潮白浆直流视频在线and innovative energy company,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线it's vital for us to be at the forefront of new technologies.
The need for energy is increasing.
喷潮白浆直流视频在线In order to preserve our unique environment,
喷潮白浆直流视频在线the world needs smart and effective solutions.
LNG is an important part of this journey.?